This is an occupational classification system based on the job duties and work done by an individual. 

Skill LevelsOccupations

Senior Management 

Example: Legislators, Senior government managers and officials



Example: Restaurant Managers, Mine Managers, Administrators


Professionals (university-trained)

Example: Doctors, Dentists, Architects, Financial Analysts


Technical and Skilled Trades 

(college/skills trained)

Example: Chefs, Electricians, Plumbers, Executive Assistants


Intermediate jobs (secondary school/specific training)

Example: Long-haul truck drivers, Food and beverage services  


Labour jobs (on-the-job-training)

Example: Cleaning staff, Oil field workers, Dry cleaning, Labourers, Fruit pickers, Cashiers, Shelf-stockers

It is a points-based system in the Express Entry pool which assess and gives the profile a score and rank. The criteria used to calculate the score are:

  • skills
  • education
  • language
  • work experience
  • other factors

In the CRS ranking system the total scores are out of 1,200. Of the 1200 points, 600 points are your core points and the next 600 points are your additional points. 

The core 600 points comprises of factors such as:

- Spouse or common-law partner age, level of education, language proficiency and Canadian work experience 

- Skill Transferability, which includes education, foreign work experience and certificate of qualification (for trades)


The additional 600 points takes into account factors such as:

- Canadian citizen or permanent resident siblings

- French language skills

- Canadian post-secondary education

- Arranged Employment

- Provincial Nomination


Your Core points + Your Additional points = Your CRS score

Summary of maximum points per factor for Express Entry candidates

FactorsPoints per factor - With a spouse or common-law partnerPoints per factor - Without a spouse or common-law partner
Age 100110
Level of education 140150
Official languages proficiency 150160
Canadian work experience 7080



Points per factor

(Maximum 40 points)

Level of education 10
Official language proficiency 20
Canadian Work Experience 10

A. Core/human capital + B. Spouse or common-law partner factors = Maximum 500 points (with OR without a spouse or common-law partner)


Points per factor

(Maximum 50 points)

With good/strong official languages proficiency and a post-secondary degree50
With Canadian work experience and a post-secondary degree50


Foreign work experience

Points per factor

(Maximum 50 points)

With good/strong official languages proficiency (Canadian Language Benchmark [CLB] level 7 or higher) and foreign work experience50
With Canadian work experience and foreign work experience50


Certificate of qualification (for people in trade occupations)

Points per factor

(Maximum 50 points)

With good/strong official languages proficiency and a certificate of qualification50

A. Core/human capital + B. Spouse or common-law partner + C. Transferability factors = Maximum 600 points

FactorMaximum points per factor
Brother or sister living in Canada (citizen or permanent resident)15
French language skills50
Post-secondary education in Canada30
Arranged employment200
PN nomination600

Calculate your Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) Score!

It is a language benchmark that standardizes the module results from the various acceptable language tests for Canadian Immigration and Citizenship. 

The commonly acceptable English language tests are IELTS and CELPIP. TEF Canada and TCF Canada are the accepted French exams for Immigration and Citizenship purposes. 

Below is an equivalency chart that shows the conversion of the designated testing organization results to the standardized results in Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLBs) (for English) and the Niveaux de Compétence Linguistique Canadiens (for French).    

Language test equivalency charts

CLB LevelReadingWritingListeningSpeaking
CLB LevelReadingWritingListeningSpeaking
CLB LevelReadingWritingListeningSpeaking
CLB LevelReadingWritingListeningSpeaking
10 and above549-69916-20549-69916-20

All immigrants to Canada are required to undergo medical examinations. 

A thorough examination is conducted to detect any health condition that may put the health of the Canadian public at risk, or may result in excessive demands which may burden the Canadian health care system.

Only dedicated doctors in every country can do the medical examination for Canadian Immigration.  Click here to find a panel physician.

This is a certified document which states if an individual has any criminal record. 

An individual who has resided in a country for 6 consecutive months or more since the age of 18 years older may need to get a police certificate as per the program you are applying to. 

The police certificate validity period varies depending on the country issuing it. 

Apply for a police certificate click here.

All supporting documentation in a language other than English or French must be accompanied by an English or French translation, as translated by a certified translator.

In instances where the translation cannot be provided by a certified translator, an affidavit can be included indicating the accuracy of the translation and the language proficiency of the translator.

An affidavit document states that the translation is a true copy of the original text. 

This must be done in the presence of a commissioner authorized to administer oaths in the country where they live. 

Affidavits can be prepared only by authorized personnel and not by an applicant themselves or family members of the applicant who are authorized to prepare the affidavit document. 

If in Canada, an affidavit can be prepared by a notary public, a commissioner of oaths or a commissioner of taking affidavits. However, if outside Canada the document can be put together by notary public or equivalent personnel.